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The Calotype (or Talbotype)

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unknown title, Henry Fox Talbot Enlarge

Henry Fox Talbot, 1842
(Public domain)

The Calotype (or Talbotype)

We owe the invention of the "calotype", the image capture technique most similar to modern photography, to Henry Fox Talbot. Unlike the daguerreotype, it permitted one to make several copies of the same image thanks to the use of a negative, a principle which truly established the foundations of photographic art.

The process first required many stages and delicate manipulation of chemicals. The calotype was perfected in 1839, but was patented only two years later. It was used relatively little, since people prefer the daguerreotype which, although producing a unique picture, produced a much sharper image.

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