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Salvador Dalí (1904-1989)

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Salvador Dalí with Ocelot and Cane (Roger Higgins) Enlarge

Salvador Dalí
(Roger Higgins, Public domain)

Salvador Dalí (1904-1989)

Perhaps the most famous of all Surrealists, Salvador Dalí was born in Catalonia (Spain) whose landscapes were to mark his work. Friend of poet Federico García Lorca and filmmaker Luis Buñuel, he collaborated with the latter on the creation of the films An Andalusian Dog (1928) and The Golden Age (1930).

First influenced by Cubism, Futurism and Metaphysical Painting, Dalí joined the ranks of Surrealism toward the end of the 20's. It was at this time that he made the acquaintance of Gala, then wife of poet Paul Éluard. She was to become his muse, and the love of his life. Dalí took part in the first exhibit of the Surrealist group in New York in 1932.

His works distinguish themselves by the representation of familiar things or people placed in environments tinged with unreality, but equally thanks to Dalí's great mastery of oil painting techniques. He created with frenzy during his Surrealist period, but was excluded from movement in 1939 due to his stance in favor of Hitler and Franco, as well as his interest in money.

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