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A Few Forms of Poetry

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A Few Forms of Poetry

Poem used in the Middle Ages, often accompanied by music and comprising three stanzas, the last of which is shorter.

A poem of fixed form containing two rhymes and repeated verses, notably employed between 13th and 16th centuries. Initially, a rondeau was a song intended for dancing.

This type of poetry appeared in the 14th century in Italy. It is made up of 14 verses divided into two quatrains, followed by two tercets or a hexastich. At the outset, a sonnet was a love poem. The poet Marot was the first to write sonnets in French. This fixed form remained in usage until the 19th and 20th centuries.

Marie de France contributed to the popularization of the lay in the 12th century. This is a short poetic form composed of irregular verses, although Marie de France's lays are octosyllabic. The form of the lay may vary, but it's mainly associated with the supernatural and the theme of courteous love.

A short Japanese poem the first and third verses of which have five syllables, and the second, seven syllables. Derived from the "renga", an ancient poetic form (8th century), the haiku fully developed in the 17th century. It later was to inspire Anglo-Saxon authors adhering to "imagism", a poetic movement that came into vogue at the turn of the 20th century.

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