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Giorgio De Chirico (1888-1978)

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Giorgio De Chirico (Carl Van Vechten) Enlarge

Giorgio De Chirico
(Carl Van Vechten, Public domain)

Giorgio De Chirico (1888-1978)

An Italian painter born in Greece, Giorgio De Chirico influenced many Surrealist artists such as Yves Tanguy, Max Ernst and René Magritte. He was notably founder of Pittura metafisica (metaphysical painting) along with his fellow countryman Carlo Carrà. His works, evoking deserted places in the middle of which are found singular assemblages of various objects, are representative of metaphysical painting.

The Surrealists considered him, moreover, as one of their predecessors. De Chirico only painted in this way for about ten years, between 1909 and 1919, to next turn to more academic, and thus more profitable, painting, disappointing the Surrealists who would soon reject him, spearheaded by their leader André Breton.

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