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History of Glass

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History of Glass

The first glass objects were made during prehistoric times: arrowheads, tools, sharp weapons, and jewelry using obsidian (glass of volcanic origin). The Egyptians are considered the first craftsmen of glass.

The technique of blown glass later made its appearance in 1st century BC in Phoenicia (today's Lebanon). The Romans quickly borrowed this method and revolutionized glass-making. In fact, making objects by blowing glass turned out to be far less expensive and much faster than traditional techniques. In the Middle Ages, the manufacture of domestic glass began to die out in the west, in particular due to the fall of the Roman Empire.

The glass-making industry underwent a revival during the Renaissance in Venice, where techniques influenced by eastern methods were developed, producing glass made out hard, high-quality sodium with great ductility. Highly transparent and colorless, the glass thus created was called "cristallo". The Europeans were long dependent on glassware from the region of Venice until the invention, in the 18th century, of lead-oxide glass in England. Finally, the techniques of glass-making were perfected in the 19th and 20th centuries, enabling a more massive and more accessible production of glass products.

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