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The Invention of Photography

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Title unknown, Nicéphore Niépce Enlarge

View from the Window at Le Gras
(Nicéphore Nièpce, 1826, Public domain)

The Invention of Photography

Generally, although the processes which led to it had been previously discovered, art historians consider that the invention of photography dates back to 1839. Indeed, in 1827, Frenchman Nicéphore Niépce succeeded in temporarily reproducing images thanks to a method by the name of "heliography".

After his death, his partner, Jacques Daguerre, pursued his research and finally, in 1839, developed the "daguerreotype", enabling one to definitively fix images on a metal plate. Almost simultaneously, the inventor of the negative, Englishman Henry Fox Talbot, worked on the "calotype", patented in 1841.

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