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Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)

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Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)

Born in 1912 in Wyoming, the American painter Paul Jackson Pollock struggled his whole life against alcoholism, and art soon became a way for him chase away his devils.

He studied painting and sculpture in several art schools in Los Angeles then in New York as of the mid-20's. He later discovered the art of the Amerindians and became interested in murals, such as created by Mexican painters Jose Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Diego Rivera.

It was during the 40's that he defined his personal style by adopting "dripping", a technique which consisting in dripping paint from a tool, which might have been a paintbrush or just as well a stick, trowel, pierced box or syringe. He painted mostly on canvases on the ground, covering them with paint, bringing his entire body into play. This method, combined with the success of his canvases, makes him the leader of "action painting", equally known as "gestural painting", a counterpart of abstract expressionism.

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