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Pre-Colombian Sculpture

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Pre-Colombian Sculpture

We designate as "Pre-Colombian arts" those artistic creations produced by the civilizations of all the Americas at a time when Europeans were still unaware of the existence of this continent. Due to their geographic isolation, and before being eliminated or conquered, these peoples pursued an artistic evolution totally independent from the rest of the world.

Thus, the Olmecs, a people living between the basin of Mexico City and southern Costa Rica, sculpted gigantic heads out of basalt monoliths. Meanwhile, the Mayas developed ceramic techniques and skillfully planished gold and copper. The Aztecs decorated instead pillars or steles with various reliefs. As for the Incas, they learnt the arts of lost-wax casting and metal beating.

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